The Catalan Painting Room includes works by different Catalan artists spanning the whole of the twentieth-century. It houses paintings, drawings, sculptures and engravings by artists such as Mompou and Ignasi Mallol from the generation of Josep Palau i Fabre’s father (the painter, textile designer, toy designer and art collector Josep Palau i Oller) as well as work by earlier artists including Nonell, Torres García and Gargallo. There are also works by more recent artists such as Rebull, Grausala, Clavé and Mallol Suazo.
The Catalan Painting Room also contains works by two of the greats of the Catalan avant-garde, Miró and Tàpies. Besides Catalan art, the exhibition room includes a number of works by Latin American artists, such as Sergio de Castro and Felguérez, with whom Palau i Fabre became friends whilst staying in Paris.